Corporate Social Responsibility And Business Ethics


Jeff Bartel is chairman and managing director of Hamptons Group, a private investment and strategic advisory firm headquartered in Miami.

The pyramid of corporate social responsibility (CSR) is evolving, and organizations must evolve with it. Popular theories of business ethics that once maintained profitability as the sole foundational base are giving way to new constructs that place social and environmental concerns on the same level, creating a triple bottom line proposition for corporate entities. Understanding that foundation and how business ethics plays a role in support is critical to developing processes, messaging and company cultures that support growth.

The Triple Bottom Line Has Upended The Pyramid Of Corporate Social Responsibility

Defined by Archie B. Carroll in the latter part of the 20th century, the pyramid of corporate social responsibility contended that companies had obligations in four key areas: profitability, legality, ethics and philanthropy. In Carroll’s model, these obligations were not all equal. Economic drivers were first and foremost, making profitability the pyramid’s base.

Built upon it (in decreasing importance) was the need to obey the law, engage in good business ethics and become a moral member of the community making local contributions.

That model does not work for businesses today. Consumers, governments and cultures are looking for more from corporate entities. It is still essential to maintain a profit. Profitable companies can be better contributors to the community than those that don’t earn a profit. It is equally necessary for businesses to shepherd social and environmental resources.

Thus, the triple bottom line is upending the pyramid, replacing it with a triune obligation toward profits, people and the planet.

The Difference Between Business Ethics And CSR

Doing the right thing, which means engaging in good business ethics, is not the same as corporate social responsibility. CSR is the onus on a business to act in the interest and for the benefit of the community whenever possible—sometimes even at the detriment of a profitable opportunity that may have adverse outcomes for the environment or people.

Business ethics is a broader concept that should govern everything a business and its people do. A company that operates ethically often makes decisions that support strong corporate social responsibility.

In short, if you were trying to re-create a pyramid of CSR with the understanding that profitability cannot be the base, business ethics might be a suitable replacement. When ethics inform everything else up the pyramid, businesses create more consistent approaches to modern CSR, from profits to corporate environmentalism.

Prioritizing Corporate Responsibility And Driving Strong Profits

It is clear to anyone involved in the corporate world that doing the right thing and making the most significant profit do not always align. However, that does not mean you cannot focus on corporate responsibility and ethical business practices while driving and delivering excellent financial profits.

First, modern customers and business partners care about corporate responsibility and ethics and increasingly choose to deal with companies that demonstrate them. While price remains a driver for purchasing decisions, customers also want to work with or buy from brands that align with their personal values. The advent of ethical consumerism is becoming a permanent and important factor in how and where people decide to buy, sell, consume and transact.

A firm’s focus solely on financial profitability may not support business responsibility and ethics. Doing what is suitable for the financial bottom line can sometimes take you off the path of doing what is right for people or the planet. Eventually, customers, clients and other stakeholders may take note of this and stop supporting your business, creating a slippery slope that drives profits down, even if you are focused on them exclusively.

Responsible, ethical businesses can also engage in cost savings when focused on sustainability. While these approaches may require short-term investments that impact profitability, they safeguard profits for the future.

Finally, value-based leaders are more likely to be dedicated to their workforce’s needs, investing in health and wellness initiatives, flexible scheduling and other programs that support work-life balance. That servant leadership approach creates more productive workers and more engaged employees, increasing cost savings and maximizing production. This leads to more significant returns.

Businesses Cannot Afford To Ignore Ethics And CSR

Ethics, values and corporate social responsibility are no longer elements of the pyramid built upon a base that solely prioritizes financial profitability. They are as important as economic stability for the future of businesses, particularly in light of ethical consumerism and corporate accountability in the public square. Corporations and other organizations cannot afford to ignore them.


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